Jazz
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Jazz

HISTORY OF JAZZ:
Pre-Jazz
Ragtime
Dixieland
Tin Pan Alley
Boogie-Woogie
Swing
Dance Bands
BeBop
Cool
Hard Bop
West Coast
Free Jazz
Bossa Nova
Rock Fusion
Neobop
Soul Jazz
Latin Jazz
World Fusion
Pop Jazz
Modern Creative
Contemporary Jazz
Retro-Swing

JAZZ SLANG:
Jazz Slang

JAZZ DICTONARY:
Jazz Dictonary

Links

Music Downloads
MP3
Gabmling

Pre-Jazz (1850 - 1900)

This time before the conscious recognition of jazz as an individual music is perhaps its most important. It was then that the musical and cultural influences merged to create the uniqueness and diversity of jazz. However, because records were not kept and recordings were not available, much of the history of prejazz goes unknown. We can look back and try to recreate it by looking at the writings of the day and by projecting backwards from what we know now of jazz.

The influences seemed to come from all directions. The African musical practices that remained a part of the slave culture were superimposed on the dominant white musical culture of western Europe. The western tradition spanned music as diverse as the songs of Stephen Foster to the operas of Wagner. The popular music of the day had simple harmonies, simple rhythms, and the form often used was AABA. The black tradition depended more on oral transmission and was represented by spirituals, work songs, field hollers, and later the blues. At this same time, four million slaves became American citizens. The four million, mixing their African background with the popular and church music around them, were to be the nucleus of jazz.

Early Jazz (1910s-1920s)

Bix Beiderbecke

Not all jazz performed in the beginning of the 20th century can be described as New Orleans or Dixieland Jazz. Beginning in the late teens, a rich jazz influence of dance bands and soloists helped in the development and growth of improvisational music. The stride pianist, the early jazz vocalists and the horn soloist of this period have been hard pressed to be categorized. Often these performed have been placed in categories called "Classic Jazz" or "Traditional Jazz" but no matter the term, the sound became a foundation for the Kansas City, Chicago and Swing styles to follow. Among the artists that had a major impact on Early Jazz were Clarance Williams, Bessie Smith and Bix Beiderbecke.
Early Jazz is as much a definition of the time (early teens to mid 1920s) as it is a definition of the sound and style of the music.

 


 

 

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